What’s school mini bus? What’s standard in China?
School buses, including school mini bus, are used to transport students to and from the school to ensure the safety of students on the way to and from school. The Office of the Work Safety Commission of the State Council of China emphasized in the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan for Road Traffic Safety” that it is necessary to establish and improve the school bus safety management legal system and safety management system, clarify the priority of school bus traffic, strengthen school bus supervision, and ensure school bus safety. It is stipulated that school buses must be equipped with satellite positioning and speed limiting devices. In March 2012, the new national standard for school buses in China was implemented. When students get on and off the school mini bus and swipe their cards, parents can receive text messages.
Two national standards
“Special School Bus Safety National Standard” is composed of two mandatory national standards. “Special School Bus Safety Technical Requirements” and “Special School Bus Student Seat System and Strength of Vehicle Fixtures”. These two national standards clarify the technical indicators and test methods of school buses. They are including school mini bus and seat systems; pay more attention to vehicle safety performance; humanization of vehicle configuration; and operability of vehicle safety management. For example, the standard requires that the steps (steps) of the dedicated school bus. It including school mini bus, must not too high, handrails must set up and down, the passage must be smooth and non-slip, the seats and partitions must be soft. Moreover, the air quality in the car must meet the standards.
The standard also makes a series of regulations. Such as regulations on speed limit devices, occupant number restrictions, first aid kits, care personnel seat configuration, special school buses, including school mini bus signs, parking signs, and driving recorder video surveillance systems.
Compared with the original national standard “Special School Bus Safety Technical Requirements for Primary School Students”, the “National Standard for Special School Bus Safety” has modified more than 30 contents. Such as student seats, emergency exits, and stepping, and added first aid kits, interior decorations, and signal systems. More than 30 requirements such as the maximum number of occupants of each school bus.
The new national standard has a certain transition period, and products that get a certification will be implemented from the 13th month from the date of implementation of this standard.
Capacity: School bus, including school mini bus, must not exceed 56 people
The maximum number of occupants of the kindergarten school bus, including school mini bus should not exceed 45; the maximum number of occupants of the school bus for elementary school students and the school bus for elementary and middle school students. It including school mini bus should not exceed 56 people.
Among them, the weight of each child in the kindergarten school bus is 30 kg; the weight of each student in the primary school bus is 48 kg; the weight of each student in the school bus for primary and secondary school students is 53 kg, and the weight of each caregiver is 68 kg. The driver’s weight is 75 kg.
Appearance: No luggage rack outside the car, including school mini bus
The new national standard divides school buses into light school buses. Such as school minibus and large and medium-sized school buses. Light school buses. Such as school minibus have a length greater than 5 meters and less than or equal to 6 meters, and large and medium school buses have a length greater than 6 meters and less than or equal to 12 meters.
The height of the school bus shall not be greater than 3.7 meters, and no luggage rack shall be installed outside the vehicle. Articulated buses and double-decker buses cannot be used as special school buses. Special school buses should with front and rear bumpers.
Interior: no raised burrs
There should be no holes inside or outside the car that can easily jam the fingers of children and elementary school students. Also, there should be no defects such as protrusions, depressions, sharp corners, etc. that may cause personal injury. High and low handrails at the passenger door of school buses and there should no bumps or burrs on the handrails that may cause injury.
At least the lower half of the side windows in the passenger area should be closed; the visible light transmittance of all window glass should be no less than 50%; no opaque colored paper or heat-insulating paper with any specular reflective material should be posted.
The passenger area of special school buses for young children, including school mini bus, shall adopt a flat floor structure, and there shall be no steps on the floor except for the local structural protrusions such as wheel covers and access covers.
The floor coverings in the riding area, aisle area, and approach area should be non-slip and wear-resistant.
Outer roof: install school bus sign lights
For school buses, including school mini bus, two yellow school bus marker lights should at the front and rear of the outer top of the bus. The distance between the front marker lamp and the front edge of the roof should not be more than 40 cm; the rear marker lamp and the rearmost edge of the roof The distance should not be greater than 40 cm. The lamp should have a circular transparent lampshade and emit light 360° around its vertical axis. The school bus, including school mini bus, should not be 20 cm higher than the upper surface of the roof skin after installation.
After the car: paste “Please stop and wait”
School buses, including school mini bus, should be clearly marked with red words “please stop and wait” and “when the stop sign extends” on the outer surface of the rear panel and the area visible when the rear vehicle approaches.
The words “when the parking sign sticks out” should be under the words “please stop and wait”; the words “please stop and wait” should be at least 20 cm high. The height of the words “when the stop sign is extended” must keep at least 13 cm.
Air quality: install forced ventilation
If natural ventilation is not possible, a forced ventilation device should be installed. The composition of the air in the car should meet the regulations. Allow the use of air purification devices with the functions of sterilization and elimination of harmful gases to meet the air quality requirements.
Step: The pedal on the car is not higher than 35 cm
Under the condition of the curb weight of the vehicle, including the school mini bus, the height of the first step from the ground to the passenger door should be no more than 35 cm, and the height of other steps should be no more than 25 cm. The first step depth of a light special school bus, such as a school mini bus, should be no less than 23 cm, and a large and medium special school bus should be no less than 30 cm.
Seat: non-folding soft seat
Seats for infants and students should be arranged forward. The horizontal and vertical plane on which the driver’s seat is located shall not be previously provided with infant and student seats. Seats for infants and students are arranged in a maximum of “2 3” in the transverse direction of the vehicle.
Child and student seats should not be folding seats. Each child and student seat should have a backrest, and the width of the backrest should not be less than the width of the cushion. Seats for toddlers and students should be softened.
The seat cushion width of single infant and student seats should not be less than 38 cm. If it is a long child and student seat, the seat cushion width should be at least 33 cm, the depth of the seat cushion should be at least 30 cm, the height of the seat cushion should be greater than 22 cm, and the backrest thickness should be at least 4 cm.
Seat spacing: at least 50 cm wide
The “National Standard for Special School Bus Safety” requires that the seat spacing of children’s school bus seats should not be less than 50 cm, the seat spacing of school bus seats for elementary school students should be no less than 55 cm, and the seat spacing of school buses for primary and secondary school students, including school mini bus seats should not be less than 50 cm. It should be less than 65 cm, and the seat spacing of caretakers should not be less than 65 cm.
Emergency exit: at least one on each side
A dedicated school bus, such as a school
Lighting: should be equipped with two lighting circuits
Interior lighting should cover all passenger areas and crew areas. There should be at least two internal lighting circuits. So that when one circuit fails, the lighting of the other circuit should not be affected.
Driving recorder: with satellite positioning function
The new national standard has many requirements. Such as school mini buses, should be equipped with a driving recorder with a satellite positioning function; the display part of the driving recorder should be easy to observe. As well as the data interface should be easy to plug and unplug the removable storage medium. School buses, such as school
Security: equipped with fire extinguisher and first aid kit
The passenger compartment should with a fire extinguisher, and it should be ensured that at least one dry powder fire extinguisher weighing at least 2 kg is located near the seat of at least one caregiver and the seat of the driver.
At least one first aid box installation location and bracket should be in school buses, such as school mini bus. The installation location of the first aid kit should be clearly marked with “first aid kit” or international symbols.