Now, new energy vehicles, including electric shuttle bus are very popular in domestic and overseas markets. While there are still challenges in export.
According to the data released by the General Administration of Customs, China exported a total of 222,900 electric manned vehicles. Including low-speed electric vehicles and non-plug-in hybrid vehicles in 2020, down 12.5% year-on-year. It is pure electric passenger cars were the main export force. Although the export volume decreased, the export volume increased by 135.7% year on year to 22.402 billion yuan.
Export value is rising
Per the report released by the General Administration of Customs, the export quantity of electric manned vehicles, including electric shuttle bus is declining. While the export value is rising instead of falling. It indicated that the bicycle value of China’s pure electric vehicles has greatly increased. Moreover, it is changing from low-speed electric vehicles with low quality and low price to purely electric vehicles with high quality and high value. With the increasingly strict environmental protection laws and regulations in overseas markets, the export of pure electric vehicles in China will usher in unprecedented opportunities.
Cui Dongshu is the Secretary-General of the Federation of Trade Unions. He told reporters that in the export of new energy vehicles, micro low-speed electric vehicles occupy a major share. It will be improved in 2020. The export of automobiles has certain tax support, so the export profit performance of electric vehicles is OK. In addition, the reporter learned that China’s new energy vehicle, including electric shuttle bus exports are mainly divided into two main types. One is independent brand exports and another is foreign investment and joint venture brand resale.
At present, a few new energy independent brands have a certain export volume. On the other hand, commercial vehicles also occupy a certain proportion in export.
The domestic production of new energy vehicles, including electric shuttle buses, accounts for about 60% of the world. Moreover, the proportion of new energy in the automobile export product structure will be further improved. So China’s new energy automobile industry has certain advantages. Lang Xuehong, deputy secretary-general of the china automobile dealer association, told reporters. However, there are still challenges in the export of new energy vehicles. Such as the localization rate, different market entry barriers, laws and regulations, technical patents, and incomplete after-sales service system.
Per Li Shufu, the main export mode is still a big challenge.
The export of new energy vehicles, including electric shuttle bus is mainly by sea. It has a high cost and long cycle and faces considerable uncertainty (climate, line safety, corrosion caused by bad marine environment). It also brings a lot of carbon emissions during transportation. Compared with sea transportation and land transportation, railway transportation has great advantages. Especially in long-distance transportation, and surpasses sea transportation and land transportation in the economy, stability, and carbon emission. Thanks to the EU’s unlimited friendly legal environment for electric vehicles to be transported by rail, many European car companies have begun to choose to use railways for long-distance transportation of automobile products including electric vehicles.
“export certification” of new energy vehicles is still a big challenge
Li Shufu suggested that the special train for transportation of new energy vehicles. It includes electric shuttle bus should be opened in time to meet the “going out” of Chinese automobile enterprises and the growing demand for new energy vehicle market in Europe. In addition, because major countries have certain safety requirements for imported and exported products, “export certification” of new energy vehicles is still a big challenge. At present, the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of electric vehicles has gradually become the focus of attention.
In 2014, Europe added a large number of EMC regulations on the charging part of electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles to the automobile technical regulations. Compared with Europe, the relevant standards for EMC testing of electric vehicles in China are lagging behind. If the products that meet the requirements of the European standard market are formulated, the vehicle R&D and market operation costs will increase. However, the European standard has become the reference standard for each country to formulate relevant laws and regulations. It means that the domestic export of new energy vehicles may be subject to technical trade restrictions from more and more countries.